Reader ´ The Killing of Crazy Horse º 592 pages ´ Thomas powers

Ebook The Killing of Crazy Horse

Reader ´ The Killing of Crazy Horse º 592 pages ´ Thomas powers ´ He was the greatest Indian warrior of the nineteenth century His victory over General Custer at the battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 was the worst defeat inflicted on the frontier Army And the death of Crazy Horse in federal custodAndson thirty years later “They tricked me They tricked me”At the center of the story is Crazy Horse himself the warrior of few words whom the Crow said they knew best among the Sioux because he always came closest to them in battle No photograph of him exists todayThe death of Crazy Horse was a traumatic event not only in Sioux but also in American history With the Great Sioux War as background and context drawing on many new materials as well as documents in libraries and archives Thomas Powers recounts the final months and days of Crazy Horse’s life not to lay blame but to establish what happen Less a biography than the study of a lost way of life Powers's sprawling chronicle uses the great Lakota warrior as a springboard to examine the history and culture of the Sioux tribes Simultaneously Powers rectifies the biased inaccuracies of a historical record that has traditionally treated the murder of Crazy Horse as something between a footnote and an afterthought Drawing on extensive fieldwork and a dizzying amount of firsthand sources Powers vividly describes the personalities politics and conflicts that shaped the era and defined the troubled relationship between Native Americans and the US government Some readers may be overwhelmed by Powers's exhaustive research and persistent if fascinating digressions but most will find Crazy Horse a rich and worthwhile read Oregonian This is an excerpt from a review published in Bookmarks magazine

Thomas Powers × The Killing of Crazy Horse Book

Se a dangerous rival; No Water and Woman Dress both of whom hated Crazy Horse and schemed against him; the young interpreter Billy Garnett son of a fifteen year old Oglala woman and a Confederate general killed at Gettysburg; General George Crook who bitterly resented newspaper reports that he had been whipped by Crazy Horse in battle; Little Big Man who betrayed Crazy Horse; Lieutenant William Philo Clark the smart West Point graduate who thought he could “work” Indians to do the Army’s bidding; and Fast Thunder who called Crazy Horse cousin held him the moment he was stabbed and then told his gr The great Oglala Sioux warrior Crazy HOrse leader of the Hunkpatila band comprising some 150 lodges and perhaps 400 men women and children Thunder Dreamer Carrier of the Shield killer of Custer the Genocidal Buffoon was murdered by a veteran soldier of the Mormonwars named William Gentleswho according to the contemporary evidence offered by He Dog stabbed Crazy HOrse in the back with a bayonet as he was being shoved into a cellat Fort Robinson Nebraska Territory on September 5 1877Several hundred people were on the parade ground of Robinson that day agency Indianssometimes called Loafers soldiers soldiers' wives officers and scouts many hostile toCrazy Horse some merely confused Indians trying to please the whites The event is as tragicas the assassination of Lincoln and Martin Luther King who were themselves warriors ofanother kind but attacked and finally destroyed by the great awful growling maw of AmericanhistoryThere has never been a better book written about these events the Sioux wars of the 1860sand 1870s from the time of the Box Elder Fight and the Fetterman Massacres along the Bozemantrail just after the Civil War through the final stand of the Sioux in their best and last hunting country on the Tongue and Powder Rivers just south of the Yellowstone country now northernWyoming Powers a historian of the intelligence community with many books to his creditexplains in the introduction to this magical authoritative detailed and moving account thata child's sympathies develop early and mine were with the IndiansAnd there has never been a better book personalizing the people involved the Sioux themselves presentedas individuals in all their complexity the half Sioux ingterpreter William Garnett who was presentat all the major events and heard the Indians speak Lt William Philo Clark who in his capacityas go between emerges as the only honest man among the American soldiers including LutherP Bradley commander of Ft Robinson and General George Crook Indian Fighter Deluxe bothliars and hypocrites Crazy Horse was not the last wild Indian Sitting Bull had gone to Canada with his people seeking protection of the Great Mother in England There were a few small bands of Brule hiding in creekbottoms somewhere in Wyoming even after Crazy Horse came in during the hungry spring of1877But Crazy HOrse was iconic According to Powers Horn Chips said that in preparing for a fight Crazy HOrse painted his face red with earth making a zigzag streak from the top of his foreheaddown one side of his nose to his chin He painted his face with hail spots dipping his fingersin white paint touching him self here and there He wore a medicine bundle around his neckand sometimes the dried body of a red tailed hawk attached to his hair at the outside of histemple and one or two eagle feathers as well Sometimes he covered himself with the hide of acolt Amos Bad Heart Bull He Dog and Short Bull each portrayed Crazy Horse as painted yellow inbattle with hail spots on his face and body his horse streaked with lightning bolts and covered with a soft powder of dust gathered from around gopher holes dust which rendered the horseinvisibleBecause of his intransigence and power Crazy Horse became the object of jealousy by agencyIndians especially chiefs like Red Cloud and Spotted Tail who had brought their Oglala and Brulepeople to the agency a decade earlier And because Crazy Horse had led the tribes againstCuster wiping out the famous Seventh Cavalry the Americans lusted for revenge against himThey got what they wished The Oglala in Crazy Horses's band then camped along ChadronCreek about forty miles northeast of Robinson took his body away and secreted it It was neverfoundPowers uses his considerable skills to highlight the precise political upheavals within the tribesand bands that led to turmoil at Robinson Scouts some Oglala themselves but most Crow orShoshone traditional enemies of the Sioux become familiar to the reader Even Crook himselfstolid vain imperious and ultimately a failed cipher jumps off Power's pages as domany underlings pages suires and toadies as well as the journalists from Chicago andPhiladelphia who were camp followersBy the end we feel inclined to treat these characters as living beings No other book of WesternHistory achieves so much from the historical recordThunder Dreamers like Crazy Horse did not hide form storms that on the prairie often killedanimals and people They split the storm explained Kicking BearJames Bordeaux another trader who knew the Indians who knew Crazy Horse said that insidethe medicine bundle carried by the great warrior was a wild aster mixed with the dried heartand brain of an eagle Horn Chips told everyone that Crazy Horse wore a blue painted rock on a thong around his left ear symbolic of hail and that he rallied his comrades by blowing on awhistle made from the wing bone of an eagleThere are no photographs of Crazy Horse He refused to travel to Washington and become alaughingstock He never signed a treaty or ever believed a single word the Americans said Hestayed with the life until his people were starved Crazy Horse rode at the front in battleunlike American generals who stayed safely at the rear In life he prepared himself fordeath and among the Sioux at Pine Ridge he is still mourned

Text ¶ The Killing of Crazy Horse × Thomas Powers

The Killing of Crazy HorseHe was the greatest Indian warrior of the nineteenth century His victory over General Custer at the battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 was the worst defeat inflicted on the frontier Army And the death of Crazy Horse in federal custody has remained a controversy for than a century The Killing of Crazy Horse pieces together the many sources of fear and misunderstanding that resulted in an official killing hard to distinguish from a crime A rich cast of characters whites and Indians alike passes through this story including Red Cloud the chief who dominated Oglala history for fifty years but saw in Crazy Hor Powers's history is about than the death of one man Many men and women were killed in the period of the Sioux wars of the 1860s and 70s In using the death of the iconic warrior chief as a kind of hub Powers relates the history of those years made up of dispute and open warfare which ended in the death of the old traditional hunting and raiding life of the Plains Sioux It's a history written with the aid of the rich resources left by participants of both sides but most interestingly from the point of view of the Indians because it's a portrayal of primitives told with an anthropological precision giving us a detailed picture of every aspect of Indian life not only warfare but also ceremonial practices social structure dress food ways of thinking about and dealing with death and marriage customs It's as clear a picture of what the Plains peoples were like as I remember reading We understand the motives of the white men and the westward movement Powers addresses that but to his credit spends even time explaining the intellectual disciplines of the Indians and their understanding of the several powers in the nature around them how they related to and used them And also to his credit as a history of the spiritual impulses of the tribes as well as the political which was a thick stew of shifting fortunes and allegiances it's told not in the stereotypical way of Indian oral histories but in the modern language in which this history has come down to us This is probably the best book I've read at describing that seam where the Indians and white men metThe story itself is full of self serving motive and misunderstanding Powers demonstrates the friction caused by the contact of 2 culturally diverse and technologically imbalanced societies His story is analysis which brilliantly isn't analysis but is comprehensive in its glaringly hostile attitudes these 2 cultures in collision had of each other Without actually saying so he shows why they couldn't co exist The prime mover of Powers's story may be Crazy Horse but this is a larger history of the displacement of a people which is human tragic and utterly fascinating and which the author follows well into the twentieth century