FREE READER ✓ DOC Making Sense of the Molly Maguires ´ MONEYEXPRESSCARD

KINDLE Making Sense of the Molly Maguires

FREE READER ✓ DOC Making Sense of the Molly Maguires ´ MONEYEXPRESSCARD · Twenty Irish immigrants suspected of belonging to a secret terrorist organization called the Molly Maguires were executed in Pennsylvania in the 1870s for the murder of sixteen men Ever since there has been enormous disagreTwenty Irish immigrants suspected of belonging to a secret terrorist organization called the Molly Maguires were executed in Pennsylvania in the 1870s for the murder of sixteen men Ever since there has been enormous disagreement over who the Molly Maguires were what they did and why they did it as virtually everything we now know about the Molly Maguires is based on the hostile descriptions of t This book is a full fledged account of one of the obfuscated labor uprisings in US history In it's time Molly Maguire activity essentially referred to any violence perpetrated by Irish immigrants in the Eastern Pennsylvania region from the Civil War to around 1890 The Mollies themselves were specifically a conglomeration of twenty Irish men who were hung by the state in 1877 on various murder charges largely either on fabricated evidence or through the testimony of one Pinkerton detective and agent provocateur They are generally historically understood as a secret society of Irish mine workers who intimidated and assassinated anyone who stood in their wayKenny goes to great lengths to make the story of the violence attributed to the Mollies actually make sense The book traces the violence of immigrant anthracite coal miners to roots in agrarian retributive violence in the Irish countryside Without going so far as to specifically justify the murders of coal company affiliates in Pennsylvania Kenny does go to great lengths to illustrate the conditions of hierarchy racism and open discrimination that new generations of Irish immigrants could expect in the States and how this frustration led some to desperation and retributive murderOf particular concern and contemporary relevance is the way in which the popular media and Frank Gowen president of the Reading Railroad manufactured a mythology surrounding the Mollies which served to completely obliterate any sense of their motivations replacing it with a good vs evil binary which served to expedite rigged murder trials and demonize the working class Irish out of hand Needless to say much of this mythology from leading newspapers trade papers and even pulp novels served as the historical basis for understanding the Mollies for generations after the executions of the twenty convicted men From the book The term mythology is used here to mean a process of conveying meaning that denies history and creates a static world closed to the possibility of change; and related to this a belief in essential timeless catagoris of human nature like goodness and badness Mythology empties reality of history and fills it with nature; it denies that things are made rather than found; it claims that it's concepts are applicable in all times and places rather than seeing them as socially and historically contingent It is a system of values masuerading as a system of facts If the discourse on the Molly Maguires can be read as an ideological battle the form of representation that emerged victorious was mythology The victory was won in rhetorical terms at least by freezing time by embalming history into static categories of good and evilIf a single theme dominated the myth of the Molly Maguires it was the absence of any motivation for the crimes of which they stood accused The crimes were explained in terms of a natural Irish propensity toward violence and savagery The argument was ahistorical and perfectly circular the Irish committed all these crimes because they were savage and the proof of their savagery was that they had committed these crimes The Molly Maguire trials and executions that followed in short were than a uestion of enforcing a specific vision of justice The also involved the construction of a specific kind of meaning the myth of the Molly Maguires

Kevin Kenney Ë Making Sense of the Molly Maguires BOOK

Heir contemporariesArguing that such sources are inadeuate to serve as the basis for a factual narrative author Kevin Kenny examines the ideology behind contemporary evidence to explain how and why a particular meaning came to be associated with the Molly Maguires in Ireland and Pennsylvania At the same time this work examines new archival evidence from Ireland that establishes that the American This is one of the few books I could find on the Molly Maguires a violent Irish secret society originating in the poorest parts of northern Ireland in the 18th century and then emerging again in the coal mining country of Pennsylvania just after the Civil War This book is a well documented objective empirical look at this mysterious group and tries to put together an honest truthful account The author is not a natural storyteller nor did he do much to maintain the non academic reader's attention It is a dry read that lacks flow and tends to belabor the same points over and over Be prepared for a tough march There are also plenty of places you can skimMy interest on the subject originated from rumors that one of my ancestors was a Molly Maguire and participated in the labor violence back in Pennsylvania I wanted to learn about the Irish part of my family and this book definitely helped fill in a lot of detail into what they went through and why they came into the 20th century tough minded cynical and bitter toward the Catholic Church and big business politicians Family and community mattered than any sense of national identity Still not sure my ancestors actually killed anyone The surname does not match up with any of the known killers documented in the book Worth the read for me personally but Kenney is of an academic author and lacks ability to write for a broader audience

BOOK µ Making Sense of the Molly Maguires Ë Kevin Kenney

Making Sense of the Molly MaguiresMolly Maguires were a rare transatlantic strand of the violent protest endemic in the Irish countrysideCombining social and cultural history Making Sense of the Molly Maguires offers a new explanation of who the Molly Maguires were as well as why people wrote and believed such curious things about them In the process it vividly retells one of the classic stories of American labor and immigratio This book is good for anyone who is interested in Irish history However the author does make note that there was no evidence to really go off of Instead he makes use of census data and testimonies at the trials