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Download Doc ô Le deuxième sexe I Les faits et les mythes II L'expérience vécue ✓ 746 pages ☆ Simone de beauvoir ✓ Newly translated and unabridged in English for the first time Simone de Beauvoir’s masterwork is a powerful analysis Ration of ineuality and otherness  This long awaited new edition reinstates significant portions of the original French text that were cut in the first English translation Vital and The part of this book that has affected me the most in the ten years since I've read it is most certainly the introduction where de Beauvoir says that in order to define herself to herself she must start with I am a woman This surprised her then as it surprises me now when I realize that that is how I must start too Although I grew up in a post feminist you can have it all type of environment it was eye opening and disconcerting to learn that women are considered the other as opposed to the default regardless of how I choose to see myselfThe book is divided into philosophical literary and biological reflections of the feminine While the biology hasn't necessarily stood the scientific test of time an inevitable danger when you combine science and philosophy de Beauvoir still brings up interesting points Similarly although I hadn't read nor have I bothered to read since many of the authors that she delves into in the literary section the book has had the effect of making a sort of gender studies media critic out of me always asking how and why women are represented in the larger culture For me the most solid part of the book was the philosophy section which one might expect from a philosopher The ideas that de Beauvoir has put forth about what it means to be a woman not in a trite Mars and Venus kind of way but at a fundamental level and seen through the lens of society have encouraged me to look at the world and my place in it in a thoughtful and rigorous manner

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Groundbreaking Beauvoir’s pioneering and impressive text remains as pertinent today as it was back then and will continue to provoke and inspire generations of men and women to co Knocked Up Preggers Up the Spout A Bun in the Oven The word “pregnant” is pregnant with connotation And for women—often viewed in bodily terms than men—nothing foregrounds a woman's body than pregnancy It’s interesting to consider what Simone de Beauvoir dubbed the mother of modern feminism thought about motherhood itself Given what she writes in The Second Sex Beauvoir would probably concur with my friend’s attitude A number of years ago a friend of mine spoke to me of her desire to have a baby She felt—being in her early thirties—she should get on with it but would not consider being pregnant while she was still in graduate school When I asked her why she responded that pregnancy made you into such a “body” and in the environment of graduate school she would feel like “a body among minds” Her fear encapsulates a number of assumptions A mother is a body A body does not think Intellectuals—graduate students faculty writers—think Mothers do not think A woman—as a graduate student or a professor—writes talks produces thinks from the position of a daughter that is from the position of a female body still unencumbered enough to think Pregnancy or maternity besides being a position traditionally at odds with intellect consider the old caveat “the baby or the book” also represents loss of control and a resultant discomfort with the body somatophobia Marianne Hirsch in The MotherDaughter Plot isolates both lack of control and somatophobia as two areas “of avoidance and discomfort with the maternal” 165 often apparent in feminist rhetoric In The Women’s Room one of Marilyn French’s characters sums up pregnancy as a time when a woman loses control of her body and by extension her mind as well as her identity Pregnancy is a long waiting in which you learn what it means completely to lose control over your life There are no coffee breaks; no days off in which you regain your normal shape and self and can return refreshed to your labors You can’t wish away even for an hour the thing that is swelling you up stretching your stomach until the skin feels as if it will burst kicking you from the inside until you are black and blue You can’t even hit back without hurting yourself The condition and you are identical you are no longer a person but a pregnancy 69 With pregnancy you are “no longer a person” you are no longer “you” Logically the next uestion is “Will you still be you when you become a mother?” For Simone de Beauvoir the answer would be “No” pregnancy and motherhood rob a woman of her identity and her intellect Over and over again in her interviews and in her books Beauvoir refers to mothers as slaves reduced to bodies and cut off from intellectual pursuits Beauvoir’s description of pregnancy from her influential book The Second Sex 1949 sounds very much like the description uoted above from The Women’s Room While French’s character emphasizes how much pregnancy overtakes a woman’s identity Beauvoir goes further and depicts pregnancy like a disease that ultimately annihilates awoman the fetus is an enrichment and an injury; the fetus is a part of her body and it is a parasite that feeds on it; she possesses it and she is possessed by it; it represents the future and carrying it she feels herself vast as the world; but this very opulence annihilates her she feels that she herself is no longer anything emphasis added 495 In this theorization a woman not only loses her former identity in the process of pregnancy but actually loses her mind as Beauvoir illustrates when she describes the pregnant woman in less than human terms but in the mother to be the antithesis of subject and object ceases to exist; she and the child with which she is swollen make up together an euivocal pair overwhelmed by life Ensnared by nature the pregnant woman is plant and animal a stock pile of colloids an incubator an egg; she scares children proud of their young straight bodies and makes young people titter contemptuously because she is a human being a conscious and free individual who has become life’s passive instrument 495 Beauvoir’s perspective in the above uotation attracts comment Though The Second Sex ostensibly is presented as an objective critiue there is no attempt at objectivity here In what often amounts to an emotional tirade Beauvoir relentlessly focuses on the pregnant woman’s body euating it with an “animal” or a “stockpile of colloids” and then—rather gratuitously—states that a pregnant woman “scares children” and makes them “titter contemptuously” Beauvoir’s descriptions of pregnancy illustrate her attitudes about the pregnant body and the resultant disintegration of the mind and identity she sees occurring with maternity Beauvoir’s attack on motherhood is surprising unless you've read Beauvoir’s autobiographical works There you can see how Beauvoir systematically rejects the body—particularly a woman’s body—in favor of the life of the “mind” And Beauvoir’s research on motherhood proves less than scientific While she presents her findings in The Second Sex as though they are objective and backed by evidence from broad samplings her viewpoints on motherhood rest largely on her observations of a few friends uotes from novels and her own personal life Beauvoir for instance posits that the nausea women suffer in pregnancy demonstrates that pregnancy is not a natural state for human women given that nausea is “unknown for other mammals” 498 In evidence for this conclusion Beauvoir preemptively cites herself referring the reader to an earlier point in her own text Whatever groundbreaking work Beauvoir accomplishes in The Second Sex needs to be balanced against Beauvoir’s privileging of the mind over the body as well as her evident distaste for women’s bodily processes and pregnancy in particular Further Beauvoir’s desire to erase the body doesn’t work Ironically as Jane Flax points out the search for truth in the world of pure mind ultimately leads right back to the body The self which is constituted by thought and created by an act of thought by the separation of mind and body is driven to master nature because the self cannot ultimately deny its material character or dependence on nature Despite Descartes’ claim the body reasserts itself at least at the moment of death 28 And can one really separate the mind from the body? Jean François Lyotard provocatively explores this uestion in his essay “Can Thought Go On without a Body?” Lyotard considers whether technology could create machines “to make thinking materially possible” after our bodies are destroyed 77 Lyotard concludes that not only is thought impossibly entwined with the body but that the body actually creates thought “Thinking and suffering overlap” 82 Thought Lyotard posits attempts to create endings to once and for all silence the discomfort of the unthought The unthought hurts It’s uncomfortable because we’re comfortable in what’s already thought And thinking which is accepting this discomfort is also to put it bluntly an attempt to have done with it That’s the hope sustaining all writing painting etc that at the end things will be better As there is no end this hope is illusory 84 The impasse of artificial intelligence thus hinges on desire thought without body has no impetus Indeed Lyotard uestions why machines designed to mimic human minds would ever start thinking without the discomfort of the unthought making “their memory suffer” 85 We need he continues “machines that suffer from the burden of their memory” 85 ie machines with bodies But it is precisely this burden the burden of memory the burden of the body Beauvoir hopes to silence as she fashions her life into a trajectory of pure intellect Increasingly Beauvoir identifies herself with the life of the mind she associates with the male sphere while simultaneously excising all that connects her to her female body Though Beauvoir points out many of women’s ineuities in A Second Sex and argues that women have often been viewed as the lesser or “other” sex ironically it is a sex that Beauvoir seems to reject as well adapted from a prior publication

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Le deuxième sexe I Les faits et les mythes II L'expérience vécueNewly translated and unabridged in English for the first time Simone de Beauvoir’s masterwork is a powerful analysis of the Western notion of “woman” and a groundbreaking explo The fact that we are human beings is infinitely important than all the peculiarities that distinguish human beings from one another; it is never the given that confers superiorities ‘virtue’ as the ancients called it is defined on the level of ‘that which depends on us’ My life has led me to develop a love for thought a love heavily dependent on the context of reality and my personal view of such a love that has been is and will continue to grow through heavy doses of words both spoken and printed I will admit to being biased towards the printed as well as to being biased in many things as a result of characteristics both physical and mental; the fault of nature and nurture neither one of which I can help very much My method of coping with having a love for thinking while being aware of the inherent inaccuracies of said thinking is a rabid interest in argument debate if you will on many fronts that concern meBeing a woman concerns me With that let us beginI am a white middle class female undergraduate who has spent all twenty two years of her life in the United States I did not read this book for a class I do not in any way claim that this book speaks on all women’s issues or deem women’s issues important than those of any other oppressed group whether via race sexuality financial security et al I simply don’t have the firsthand experience with other issues that I believe would accredit me to speak on them to such length Account for the inherent biases as you see fitFemales are biologically different from males in the interest of propagation of the species resulting in imposed monthly cycles that involve a whole host of painful and bloody side effects as well as the inconvenient and sometimes dangerous states of pregnancy and giving birth Females also have a difficult time of building up muscle mass and other aspects lending to physical movement due to the conseuences of puberty and resulting chemical development The bearing of maternity upon the individual life regulated naturally in animals by the oestrus cycle and the seasons is not definitely prescribed in woman society alone is the arbiter The bondage of woman to the species is or less rigorous according to the number of births demanded by society and the degree of hygienic care provided for pregnancy and childbirth Thus while it is true that in the higher animals the individual existence is asserted imperiously by the male than by the female in the human species individual 'possibilities' depend upon the economic and social situationWe are now acuainted with the dramatic conflict that harrows the adolescent girl at puberty she cannot become 'grown up' without accepting her femininity; and she knows already that her sex condemns her to a mutilated and fixed existence which she faces at this time under the form of an impure sickness and a vague sense of guilt Her inferiority was sensed at first merely as a deprivation; but the lack of a penis has now become defilement and transgression So she goes onward towards the future wounded shameful culpable In the United States the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified on August 18 1920 which declares that The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex This occurred 144 years after the US declared independence 137 years after the US was recognized as independent and 132 years after the Constitution itself was ratified In masculine hands logic is often a form of violence a sly kind of tyranny the husband if older and better educated than his wife assumes on the basis of this superiority to give no weight at all to her opinions when he does not share them; he tirelessly proves to her that he is right For her part she becomes obstinate and refuses to see anything in her husband's arguments; he simply sticks to his own notions And so a deep misunderstanding comes between them He makes no effort to comprehend the feelings and reactions she is not clever enough to justify though they are deeply rooted in her; she does not grasp what is vital behind the pedantic logic with which her husband overwhelms her On June 20 2013 many news organizations issued articles discussing a report released by the World Health Organization titled Global and regional estimates of violence against women Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non partner sexual violence The results? One in three women has faced intimate partner violence or sexual violence 40% of women killed worldwide were slain by the partner And therein lies the wondrous hope that man has often put in woman he hopes to fulfill himself as a being by carnally possessing a being but at the same time confirming his sense of freedom through the docility of a free person No man would consent to be a woman but every man wants women to existMan has no need of the unconditional devotion he claims nor of the idolatrous love that flatters his vanity; he accepts them only on condition that he need not satisfy the reciprocal demands these attitudes imply He preaches to woman that she should give—and her gifts bore him to distraction; she is left in embarrassment with her useless offerings her empty life On the day when it will be possible for woman to love not in her weakness but in her strength not to escape herself but to find herself not to abase herself but to assert herself—on that day love will become for her as for man a source of life and not of mortal danger In the meantime love represents in its most touching form the curse that lies heavily upon woman confined in the feminine universe woman mutilated insufficient unto herself The innumerable martyrs to love bear witness against the injustice of a fate that offers a sterile hell as ultimate salvation There is currently in the US a widespread political machination in many states aiming towards the eradication of legalized abortion in essence granting living women less rights to their bodies than dead individuals who in life chose not to donate their bodies to science modern woman is everywhere permitted to regard her body as capital for exploitation The fact is that a true human privilege is based upon the anatomical privilege only in virtue of the total situationThat the child is the supreme aim of woman is a statement having precisely the value of an advertising sloganthe distortion begins when the religion of Maternity proclaims that all mothers are saintly For while maternal devotion may be perfectly genuine this in fact is rarely the case Maternity is usually a strange mixture of narcissism altruism idle day dreaming sincerity bad faith devotion and cynicism Also current in the US is the discussion of rape culture and slut shaming in light of the events of the Steubenville High School Rape Case where media outlets offered biased coverage that sympathized with the rapists and rarely focused on the victim As a matter of fact the privileged position of man comes from the integration of his biologically aggressive role with his social function as leader or master; it is on account of this social function that the physiological differences take on all their significance Because man is ruler in the world he holds that the violence of his desires is a sign of his sovereignty; a man of great erotic capacity is said to be strong potent epithets that imply activity and transcendence But on the other hand woman being only an object she will be described as warm or frigid which is to say that she will never manifest other than passive ualitiesIt is a mistake to seek in fantasies the key to concrete behaviour; for fantasies are created and cherished as fantasies The little girl who dreams of violation with mingled horror and acuiescence does not really wish to be violated and if such a thing should happen it would be a hateful calamity Masculine desire is as much an offence as it is a compliment; in so far as she feels herself responsible for her charm or feels she is exerting it of her own accord she is much pleased with her conuests but to the extent that her face her figure her flesh are facts she must bear with she wants to hide them from this independent stranger who lusts after themMan encourages these allurements by demanding to be lured afterwards he is annoyed and reproachful But he feels only indifference and hostility for the artless guileless young girlshe is obliged to offer man the myth of her submission because he insists on domination and her compliance would only be perverted from the start In the US prostitution the ‘business or practice of providing sexual services to another person in return for payment’ is illegal The Cinderella myth flourishes especially in prosperous countries like America How should the men there spend their surplus money if not upon a woman? Orson Welles among others has embodied in 'Citizen Kane' that imperial and false generosity it is to glorify his own power that Kane chooses to shower his gifts upon an obscure singer and to impose her upon the public as a great ueen of song When the hero of another film 'The Razor's Edge' returns from India euipped with absolute wisdom the only thing he finds to do with it is to redeem a prostitute One remarkable fact among others is that the married woman had her place in society but enjoyed no rights therein; whereas the unmarried female honest woman or prostitute had all the legal capacities of a man but up to this century was or less excluded from social life Sewers are necessary to guarantee the wholesomeness of palaces according to the Fathers of the Church And it has often been remarked that the necessity exists of sacrificing one part of the female sex in order to save the other and prevent worse troubles One of the arguments in support of slavery advanced by the American supporters of the institution was that the Southern whites being all freed from servile duties could maintain the most democratic and refined relations among themselves; in the same way a caste of 'shameless women' allows the 'honest woman' to be treated with the most chivalrous respect The prostitute is a scapegoat; man vents his turpitude upon her and he rejects her Whether she is put legally under police supervision or works illegally in secret she is in any case treated as a pariah The Eual Pay Act was signed into law in the US in 1963 The male female income difference in the US was in 2010 at a female to male earnings ratio of 081 medium income in full time year round workers being 42800 for men compared to 34700 for women When he is in a co operative and benevolent relation with woman his theme is the principle of abstract euality and he does not base his attitude upon such ineuality as may exist But when he is in conflict with her the situation is reversed his theme will be the existing ineuality and he will even take it as justification for denying abstract eualityWoman is shut up in a kitchen or in a boudoir and astonishment is expressed that her horizon is limited Her wings are clipped and it is found deplorable that she cannot fly Let but the future be opened to her and she will no longer be compelled to linger in the present The history of literature is dominated by male writers Since 1901 when the first annual Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded out of the 109 individuals that have received it twelve were female More women have been awarded the Nobel in this field than any other save for the Nobel Peace Prize of which fifteen of the 101 recipients were female When he describes woman each writer discloses his general ethics and the special idea he has of himself; and in her he often betrays also the gap between his world view and his egotistical dreams the categories in which men think of the world are established from their point of view as absolute they misconceive reciprocity here as everywhere A mystery for man woman is considered to be mysterious in essenceAnd while her lover fondly believes he is pursuing the Ideal he is actually the plaything of nature who employs all this mystification for the ends of reproduction'Pendants have for two thousand years reiterated the notion that women have a lively spirit men solidity; that women have delicacy in their ideas and men greater power of attention A Paris idler who once took a walk in the Versailles Gardens concluded that judging from all he saw the trees grow ready trimmed'–Stendhal Feminism is well You tell me I have to say though bra burning and unshaven legs seem empty condemnations in comparison to rape and domestic abuse The truth is that just as—biologically—males and females are never victims of one another but both victims of the species so man and wife together undergo the oppression of an institution they did not create If it is asserted that men oppress women the husband is indignant; he feels that he is the one who is oppressed—and he is; but the fact is that it is the masculine code it is the society developed by the males and in their interest that has established woman’s situation in a form that is at present a source of torment for both sexesIt is perfectly natural for the future woman to feel indignant at the limitations posed upon her by her sex The real uestion is not why she should reject them the problem is rather to understand why she accepts them I thought about keeping a list of how many authorsphilosopherslauded historical people I’d have to completely boycott due to misogyny That action makes as much sense as completely boycotting those who favor feminism Think about itAlternative Title Woman FucksFucking Terrifies Man A Treatise