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In een oude krant uit 1941 leest de schrijver Patrick Modiano aan het eind van de jaren tachtig een opsporingsbericht ‘Vermist een vijftienjarig meisje’Dat meisje laat hem niet meer los In de loop der jaren w. When I was nineteen I had a huge crush on Katherine Mansfield I loved her letters and journal and the tragedy of her short life moved me So when I went to Paris the city she loved above all others I decided to try to find her There was a hotel she always stayed in She stayed there when she was happy and in love and she also stayed there when she knew she was going to die It’s called The Select Hotel and I was excited to discover it’s still there in the Place de la Sorbonne not far from the Jardin du Luxembourg which she often wrote about in her letters It’s uite a swanky hotel now but when I sat down by the fountain and looked up at its windows there was a moment of electrifying wonder when the past suddenly fused into the present moment and I wasn’t uite sure who was the ghost – was she a ghost from the past or was I a ghost from the future At one point I thought there’s no way on earth Katherine Mansfield would ever have imagined that someone almost a hundred years later would be trying to picture her in her room she always took the same room Even less would an ordinary Jewish French girl called Dora Brudner have imagined that one day in the future a Nobel Prize winning novelist would become obsessed with trying to piece together her life after she mysteriously ran away from a convent where we presume she was being sheltered during the Nazi occupation of Paris Rarely do we get an insight into the first moment of inspiration that compels a writer to write a novel Here we do Modiano comes across a notice in an old newspaper asking for information about the missing Dora Brudner He discovers a deep driving need to know her or at least to know what happened to her The book reminiscent in many ways of the earlier The uest for Corvo An Experiment in Biography and Austerlitz and the later HHhH becomes on one level a detective story and on a deeper level an intimate dialogue between the present and the past The horrible irony we uickly learn is Dora’s parents hadn’t registered their daughter previously meaning she wasn’t on any Jewish list but in their desperation to find her eventually are compelled to document her as missing at the local police station Thus she finds her way onto the Jewish register As much as he is trying to fathom out Dora Modiano is seeking out his own pre history During the novel he lets us know how many parallels exist between Dora and her family and himself and his own family He is constantly aware of time and timing – how only timing prevented him as a French Jew from sharing Dora’s fate The most moving achievement of this novel is Modiano’s refusal to turn Dora’s story into a novel It’s almost an anti novel in the sense that he rejects imagination as a tool for piecing together Dora’s fate By giving us Dora exclusively through official documents it somehow made her fate much heartbreaking than any fictional account of her life would have done “The girls’ neighbours informed us that she freuently left home without wearing the insignia the yellow star” Who were those neighbours Why did she refuse to wear the yellow star We will never know Modiano doesn’t allow us the pleasure of detailing our emotion The emotion remains raw There was a telling critiue of all historical fiction and especially Holocaust fiction in this book The sense that we’re always getting a sugared version of facts in fiction This was raw and without solace and gives an amazingly vivid idea of what anyone searching for a Holocaust victim after the war must have gone through – especially the chilling matter of factness of bureaucratic documentation

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Dora BruderIs wegloopt vier maanden zoek blijft en dan door de politie wordt thuisgebracht Vervolgens worden Dora en haar vader opgepakt en samen naar Auschwitz getransporteerd waar hun spoor in de mist van de tijd verdwijn. While reading Suspended Sentences Three Novellas I was so strongly reminded of the films of Alain Resnais that I went back and watched a few of them I drew out the resonances in yesterday's column for 3 uarks Daily Here I will simply say that Modiano's fiction addresses the same gaps in memory as Resnais's film Muriel or the time of return locating these lacunae in an actual place in much the same way that the bombed out city of Boulogne was employed by the director to suggest impermanence Poet Jean Cayrol the screenwriter of Muriel he also wrote the narration for Night and Fog said that he situated the story in Boulogne despite Resnais’s doubts because Boulogne is also a town after a drama There are two towns the old one spared by the war and the reconstructed town the topography of which the old inhabitants cannot recognize As the town plasters over the effects of the war so do the inhabitantsIn all of his works Modiano keeps returning to the Parisian neighborhoods from which Jews were deported in the war or vaguely remembered buildings he visited or resided in as a child Walking these streets some years later the narrator of Dora Bruder finds nothing but a wasteland itself surrounded by half demolished walls On these walls open to the sky he continues you could still make out the patterned paper of what was once a bedroom Modiano's lacunae arise from a different source than Resnais's Too young to remember the Occupation but aware of the taint it has left on French history and on his family history Modiano's father dealt in the Black Market and may well have had dealings with the Gestapo he attempts to fill in the gaps through repeated acts of the imagination And yet he will not allow these imaginative recreations to endure In an earlier novel Voyage des noces Modiano provided an insight into his motivations for telling stories that dissolve the moment they are held up to the light One feels the need to transmit not one’s experience but simply some of those disparate details connected by an invisible thread which is threatening to break and which we call the course of a life Here Modiano maps Dora's brief life onto his own just for a moment until the thread breaks

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characters Dora Bruder ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Á In een oude krant uit 1941 leest de schrijver Patrick Modiano aan het eind van de jaren tachtig een opsporingsbericht ‘Vermist een vijftienjarig meisje’Dat meisje laat hem niet meer los In de loop der jaren weet hij met grote moeite een paar schaarse feiten over deEet hij met grote moeite een paar schaarse feiten over deze Dora Bruder en haar familie aan de bureaucratie en de vergetelheid te ontrukken Langzaam dient zich de omtrek van een tragedie aan een meisje dat van hu. In usual style Modiano presents a snapshop of time and masters to unfold every detail in his melodic yet melancholic style This time though the inspiration for his novel is bordering the depressing it being a young girl first believed to just have gone missing Later we find out that she met a much sinister fate This is about Vichy and I´m not talking about the mineral water but of one of the darkest spots in French historyRest in Peace Dora BruderThe below is taken from The rescue of 7000 Jews from Nazi occupied Denmark in January 1943 has passed from history into legend With the help of the Danish civil service and police and the encouragement of King Christian X almost the entire Jewish population was smuggled out of the country overnight to neutral Sweden without alerting the occupying forces Hungary resisted Nazi demands to hand over Jews It was the most daring of all such actions to save Jews from Nazi persecution through the years of World War Two but great risks were also taken elsewhere In 1941 in occupied Holland for example Communist trade unionists held protest strikes ending with the deportation of leading demonstratorsEven some pro German states took a stand Fascist Hungary resisted Nazi demands to hand over Jews until the country was invaded in 1944 Italy had anti Semitic laws but nevertheless defended French Jews in south eastern France which was occupied by the Italian army and thus saved thousands of livesThe last example is the most relevant to the tragic French experience whose conseuences are yet to be resolved More than 60 years after a collaborationist French government helped deport 75721 Jewish refugees and French citizens to Nazi death camps the national conscience has still not fully come to terms with the betrayal of a community persecuted by French anti Semitic lawsFrench backgroundAfter the 1789 Revolution France was the first European country to emancipate Jews and despite periodic resurgences of anti Semitism the country had Europe's second biggest Jewish community 330000 by 1939 About half were recent refugees from elsewhere in Europe convinced that they would be protected by France's commitments on political and religious asylum fears France was on the verge of a Bolshevik revolution By the turn of the century however anti Semitism was being encouraged by the anti republican movement Action Francaise which had a strong following in the Catholic Church as well as in the army civil service and the judiciary The movement supported extremists who believed that Jews could never integrate into a Christian country and were potential traitorsA virulent racist campaign intensified in 1936 when the Socialist Popular Front government was led by a Jewish prime minister Léon Blum His appointment added to the fears of those convinced that France was on the verge of a Bolshevik revolution aided by Jews These fears intensified and dominated the French administration during the years of World War TwoThe lightning defeat of the French army by the Germans in June 1940 brought down the democratic Third Republic which was replaced by a French state headed by 84 year old Maréchal Philippe Pétain who had fought in World War One He set up his capital at Vichy a spa in the Auvergne The Germans had divided France into occupied and non occupied zones leaving Pétain's administration in charge of about two fifths of the country including the cities of Lyon and MarseilleJewish StatuteDespite autonomy from German policies Pétain brought in legislation setting up a Jewish Statute in October 1940 By then about 150000 Jews had crossed what was known as the Demarcation Line to seek protection from Vichy in the south only to find they were subjected to fierce discrimination along lines practised by the Germans in the north 3000 died of poor treatment Jews were eventually banned from the professions show business teaching the civil service and journalism After an intense propaganda campaign Jewish businesses were 'aryanised' by Vichy's Commission for Jewish Affairs and their property was confiscated More than 40000 refugee Jews were held in concentration camps under French control and 3000 died of poor treatment during the winters of 1940 and 1941 The writer Arthur Koestler who was held at Le Vernet near the Spanish frontier said conditions were worse than in the notorious German camp DachauDuring 1941 anti Semitic legislation applicable in both zones was tightened French police carried out the first mass arrests in Paris in May 1941when 3747 men were interned Two sweeps took place before the first deportation train provided by French state railways left for Germany under French guard on 12 March 1942On 16 July 1942 French police arrested 12884 Jews including 4501 children and 5802 women in Paris during what became known as La Grande Rafle 'the big round up' Most were temporarily interned in a sports stadium in conditions witnessed by a Paris lawyer Georges Wellers'All those wretched people lived five horrifying days in the enormous interior filled with deafening noise among the screams and cries of people who had gone mad or the injured who tried to kill themselves' he recalled Within days detainees were being sent to Germany in cattle wagons and some became the first Jews to die in the gas chambers at AuschwitzVichy crimesPhotograph of German troops riding horses down the Champs D'Elysee in Paris German troops parade down the Champs D'Elysee in Paris 1940 © Many historians consider that an even worse crime was committed in Vichy controlled southern France where the Germans had no say In August 1942 gendarmes were sent to hunt down foreign refugees Families were seized in their houses or captured after manhunts across the countryside About 11000 Jews were transported to Drancy in the Paris suburbs the main transit centre for Auschwitz Children as young as three were separated from their mothers gendarmes used batons and hoses before being sent to Germany under French guard after weeks of maltreatmentDuring 1942 officials sent 41951 Jews to Germany although the deportations came to a temporary halt when some religious leaders warned Vichy against possible public reaction Afterwards arrests were carried out discreetly In 1943 and 1944 the regime deported 31899 people the last train left in August 1944 as Allied troops entered Paris Out of the total of 75721 deportees contained in a register drawn up by a Jewish organisation fewer than 2000 survivedRevolt and aftermathThe number of dead would have been far higher if the Italian fa