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Download קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut eBook ´ 498 pages Æ 100000 years ago at least six human species inhabited the earth Today there is just one Us Homo sapiens How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancesIes the animals and plants around us and even our personalities Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? And what if anything can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come? Bold wide ranging and provocative Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human our thoughts our actions our power and our future History and Sociology for Dummies this book is almost irrecoverably watered down intellectually and for all those commenters that think I am calling them dummies I am simply referring to the popular XXX For Dummies books and I am not intentionally insulting folks that enjoyed the book Sapiens does make some interesting points and probably opens a few debates but it disappointed me There are lots of soundbites here especially the oft uoted one about the agricultural revolution being history's greatest ripoff but they remain soundbites because they never really reach a conclusion The book starts out alright was the hunter gatherer civilizations are discussed in some detail and without focusing exclusively on North America Europe and the Middle East Harari's chapters here did make for decent reading about the concept the author calls the cognitive revolution which separates us from other animals Unfortunately the next section about the agricultural revolution is a bit too polemical Yes it was a radical change and yes it did lead to new problems disease famine etc but without it the human species would likely have never evolved to the point of me typing this text on my laptop and you reading it in a browser There are not parallel paths proposed just a vague condemnation of agriculture before he takes on the subject of religions Here he talks of the evolution of monotheism from the polytheistic systems that abounded before I felt he did not discuss in sufficient death the animist systems which still dominate Africa South America and the Arctic among others He seems to favor Buddhism the pages there have a much tolerant and fawning tone than those of the other religions which seemed a little intellectually dishonest to me I mean if he is trying to develop a dispassionate argument about how religions develop he should not take a particular position without announcing it first Anyway after this the book covers the industrial revolution and brings us up to modern times Honestly I felt that the end of the book really soured the whole product for me Well I was already annoyed with all the cute phrases and the prolific use of at the end of 20% of the sentences OK I am exaggerating but seriously a history book shouldn't use the exclamation point says the snob reviewer But when the author sets up an argument about where we should be headed as a human race he then goes off on bizarre tangents about cyber technology and refers to an obscure Project Gilgamesh which unless I missed something major earlier in the book he never mentioned before I felt that the last chapter just came out of nowhere and made absolutely no sense Perhaps as other reviews here on GR have suspected no one actually reads this book preferring to leave it unsullied on their coffee table as a prop to their showoff intellectualism In any case it didn't do it for meUnfortunately my in laws who bought me Sapiens also bought me the seuel so I suppose I will be guilted into reading it at some point In conclusion I prefer reading REAL history books with caffeine rather than this decaffeinated saccharin substitute for them I would highly suggest the factual and far less polemical Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies which deals with a similar topic but without the excessive punctuation I am not alone in my disdain for this over publicized waste of trees A friend passed me this article in which the author concludes But Sapiens provides us with no resources for answering uestions about the moral implications of scientific and technological change A commitment to a reductionist mechanistic view of Homo sapiens may give us some insight into some of the aspects of our past most tied to our material nature But Harari’s view of culture and of ethical norms as fundamentally fictional makes impossible any coherent moral framework for thinking about and shaping our future And it asks us to pretend that we are not what we know ourselves to be — thinking and feeling subjects moral agents with free will and social beings whose culture builds upon the facts of the physical world but is not limited to themThis book is waaaaay overratedAs an aside I wanted to briefly talk compare The Overstory and The Hidden Life of Trees What They Feel How They Communicate – Discoveries from a Secret World with this book In the Sapiens A Brief History of Humankind the author bemoans the wanton destruction caused by the agricultural revolution but to my mind proposes no alternative and just leaves the reader with empty vacuous soundbites In the former two books we are given a vast insight into how trees communicate and how they are intimately related to human beings Yes our ignorance of their speech as alien to us as would be expected because our life spans and perception of time is on the same magnitude as that of flies to humans has caused irreparable damage to the ecosystem And there is an obvious domino effect global warming and climate change But in the two books about trees even if a militant outlook is shown to be a dead end it is demonstrated that being custodians of nature we can help forests come back and preserve our biodiversity It is not all of humankind that is to blame as Harari would have us believe but rather rapacious grift driving large corporations which reap a direct short term financial benefit from wholesale environmental destruction If the law was enforced rather than trampled upon the jobs could be converted to conservation related jobs and the forests could be preserved I found that this positive message was stronger than any of the superficial aphorisms in Harari's book

pdf Î קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut À Yuval Noah Harari

Orld be like in the millennia to come? In Sapiens Dr Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical – and sometimes devastating – breakthroughs of the Cognitive Agricultural and Scientific Revolutions Drawing on insights from biology anthropology paleontology and economics he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societ I believe I am relatively familiar with history in general and I'm usually not very excited about reading about it But this book was something else Beautifully written and easy to read this book just made me want to know and about how the author thinks the world evolved to what it is today Revolution by revolution religion by religion conception by conception things were simplified and yet still maintained valid points and it was never boringThe best thing about it was that it actually made me thinkThe author doesn't treat you as ignorant at all he doesn't assume you know nothing but assume you know a lot and understand a lot and doesn't lecture about anything and that attitude makes the book a pleasure to readJust read it

Yuval Noah Harari À קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut eBook

קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut100000 years ago at least six human species inhabited the earth Today there is just one Us Homo sapiens How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods nations and human rights; to trust money books and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy timetables and consumerism? And what will our w This book is a superficial gloss on human history Nice try but it excludes too much data in favor of an overarching conceptual view to be deeply interesting Stopped reading for reasons detailed below at p 304 of 416Considering the outlandishness of some of its claims—the downside of the Agricultural Revolution the joys of Empire—the book seems weirdly under sourced The bibliography is beyond meagre Don't get me wrong I like a little informed speculation as much as anyone Take for example the claim that houses their advent became the psychological hallmark of a much self centered creature p 99 I for one would be delighted to know how one can discern the psychology of someone who lived than 9000 years ago The apparently relevant note cited is 2 Robert B Marks The Origins of the Modern World A Global and Ecological Narrative But when one looks up Mr Marks' book one sees that it pertains only to the 15th to the 21st centuries CEAnother thing the book seems all biological determinism—and we know what that sort of thinking led to the Konzentrationslager The life of the mind is nothing here the intellect nothing all because it has no discernible basis in biology—so reductive and materialist too I'm hoping this is just a rhetorical device Please let it be Moreover the author cherishes a certain sneering and glib tone which I find annoying Well yes now he's changing his tune isn't he? But not before thoroughly pissing me off Was that necessary? Ah now he's starting to celebrate the very social constructs—the law the state joint stock corporations etc—that he so glibly belittled as imaginary myths a few pages back So his earlier arguments were disingenuous That's not something I prize in a writer Notwithstanding the uestionable attempt to raise the reader's hackles just mentioned I find myself on p 170 and 95% of this is material I already know Granted the author tries to package it as felicitously as possible but it's still stuff I know and no doubt material my well read GR friends will also know What I had hoped for on cracking this formidable spine was something far intellectually challenging like Naipaul Still I find myself nursing a hope that this is just an overly long introduction to a thrilling thesis At the same time I fear it will turn out to be another tedious read for a far less learned general reader than myself Am I overualified for this book? Trepidation abounds 20 stars so far inauspicious Meh It's really an undergraduate survey course if that It's a great review of common knowledge that seeks to find new linkages and epiphanies It sometimes works But often the linkages are specious As when he terms liberal humanism a religion It isn't though it's a neat shorthand for his minimalist theories Now I'm reading about how religions are unifiers The author certainly has a flair for the obvious I'll say that much Here's an example of author Harari's reductiveness which is inevitable in a book skirting so many vast subjects On p 232 we read The Aryan race therefore had the potential to turn man into superman Nietzsche is nowhere mentioned The statement is wholly lacking in context—the Nazis are glossed but that's all It really doesn't make coherent sense Gloss that's the word that best describes this book A glossThe writer is careless with metaphors We're told that cultures are mental parasites that history disregards the happiness of individuals and that history made its most momentous choice p 243 244 To say such things is to give agency to the non sentient and adds to the narrative's by now utterly grating superficiality Here's yet another bizarro statementHad the Aztecs and Incas shown a bit interest in the world surrounding them – and had they known what the Spaniards had done to their neighbors – they might have resisted the Spanish conuest keenly and successfully p292Nonsense The Spaniards had guns germs and steel Reread Jared Diamond and William H Prescott Mr Harari Foreknowledge would have availed the indigenous peoples little or nothing The author goes on to admit as much in the paragraphs to follow but why then wasn't that earlier sentence cut? But it gets better If the subject peoples of the Inca Empire had known the fates of the inhabitants of Mexico they would not have thrown in their lot with the invaders But they did not nowThus the native peoples of Americapaid a heavy price for their parochial outlookIt's astonishing the author should use that ecclesiastical word For what was the ostensible motivation of the conuerors but the glory of Christendom Harari is blaming the victims The world view of the Aztecs and Incas and others was limited Harari blames them because they had not yet advanced beyond that basic if incomplete awareness He then goes on to excoriate all of Asia and Africa for not having had the wherewithal to explore the world and conuer others But these are cultural predilections not standardized goals applicable to all This leads to an unseemly West is the Best argument that's right out of Niall Ferguson's Empire The Rise and Demise of the British World Order Is this book popular because it essentially functions as the West's cheering section? It's lovely we have developed science and technology and historiography etc I'm glad I live in the West But it's absurd to say that earlier cultures because they did not develop in a timely manner our own particular brand of curiosity were deficient All cultures are blood soaked our own included The world is only what it is not some counter factual supposition