Dark Places of the Earth Book ✓ 400 pages Download ô Jonathan m bryant

Book Dark Places of the Earth

Dark Places of the Earth Book ✓ 400 pages Download ô Jonathan m. bryant Þ In 1820 a suspicious vessel was spotted lingering off the coast of northern Florida the Spanish slave ship Antelope Since the United States had outlawed its own participation in the international slave trade than a deTed that by the law of nature all men are free and that the captives should by natural law be given their freedom This argument was rejected The court failed Key the captives and decades of American history siding with the rights of property over liberty and setting the course of American jurisprudence on these issues for the next thirty five years The institution of slavery was given new legal cover and another brick was laid on the road to the Civil WarThe stakes of the Antelope case hinged on nothing less than the central American conflict of the nineteenth century Both disuieting and enlightening Dark Places of the Earth restores the Antelope to its rightful place as one of the most tragic influential and unjustly forgotten episodes in American legal history Despite its title Dark Places of the Earth is not a book about caves or geology but instead a treatise on maritime and international law as it pertained to the slave trade in the 1820s The author is a Southern historian and legal scholar whose specialty is slavery and the events leading up to the Civil War Two decades before the celebrated Amistad case a US cutter seized the brig Antelope illegally attempting to import 280 Africans into the US What should be done with the cargo? Should they be sold freed returned to their Spanish and Portuguese owners or simply put to work by the local officials entrusted with their care? There is little suspense because Bryant discloses the outcome early on Instead the book focuses on the maritime and international laws and precedents governing the case and the legal reasoning of those involved including Francis Scott Key John uincy Adams and John Marshal Not being especially interested in these topics the book was a selection of my history reading club I found much of the material tedious No doubt a legal scholar would be fascinated

Text É Dark Places of the Earth Õ Jonathan M. Bryant

Notted Set against the backdrop of a city in the grip of both the financial panic of 1819 and the lingering effects of an outbreak of yellow fever Dark Places of the Earth vividly recounts the eight year legal conflict that followed during which time the Antelope's human cargo were mercilessly put to work on the plantations of Georgia even as their freedom remained in limboWhen at long last the Supreme Court heard the case Francis Scott Key the legendary Georgetown lawyer and author of The Star Spangled Banner represented the Antelope captives in an epic courtroom battle that identified the moral and legal implications of slavery for a generation Four of the six justices who heard the case including Chief Justice John Marshall owned slaves Despite this Key insis This is an interesting and methodical history of the Antelope case but the author left me wondering why the case was ever important or influential

Jonathan M. Bryant Õ Dark Places of the Earth Pdf

Dark Places of the Earth In 1820 a suspicious vessel was spotted lingering off the coast of northern Florida the Spanish slave ship Antelope Since the United States had outlawed its own participation in the international slave trade than a decade before the ship's almost 300 African captives were considered illegal cargo under American laws But with slavery still a critical part of the American economy it would eventually fall to the Supreme Court to determine whether or not they were slaves at all and if so what should be done with themBryant describes the captives' harrowing voyage through waters rife with pirates and governed by an array of international treaties By the time the Antelope arrived in Savannah Georgia the puzzle of how to determine the captives' fates was inextricably k Johnathan Bryant does a masterful job of shedding a bright light on a little known but extremely important event in American History Meticulously researched the author’s efforts show in graphic detail the plight of over 300 Africans brought to the shores of the United States by the slave ship Antelope And in the process he lays before readers the intricate legal wrangling that ended in Supreme Court rulings solidifying the rights of property over the natural rights of human beings rulings that lasted for thirty five yearsAs the book title indicates this is a dark tale one that throws readers directly into the horrors of the slave trade and the institution of slavery as practiced during the early years of the republic Author Bryant’s simple statistics of what remained of the Antelope’s starving and diseased human cargo when it finally arrived in Savannah Georgia during the year 1820 give stark and concise testimony to the brutality of such transatlantic profit seeking voyages• Out of 331 people originally captured and put aboard the Antelope only 258 remained alive – a 22% loss of life• 83% of the captives were under the age of 20• The average age of all the captives was 14• 106 were between the ages of 5 and 10• 8 were between the ages of 2 and 5 2 and 5 that is an intentional factual repeatFor almost eight years after landing in the United States the captives languished in servitude on Savannah plantations as if they had been bought and sold as slaves which they were not And after those eight years most of those people who actually survived were legally enslaved and sent to Florida by Supreme Court rulings Only a small group ended up being sent back to Africa where they faced severe hardships disease and attack by the nearby native populationJonathan Bryant’s story of the multiple legal battles that caused the captives to wait nearly eight years is fascinating and so full of detail as to almost be overwhelming But true to presenting the facts as he found them the author offers readers these historical events in step by step fashion so as to leave no doubt about what happened His 47 pages of notes at the end of the book speak to the incredible depth of his researchOne of the most telling scenes is when the Antelope case finally arrives at the Supreme Court of the United States in 1825 five years after the captives set foot in Georgia The legendary John Marshall was Chief Justice and four of the justices were slave owners The attorney for the supposed owners of the captives Spanish and Portuguese citizens was a slave owner as well Enter the attorney for the government of United States trying to free the captives Francis Scott Key The same FS Key of the Star Spangled Banner fame had slaves of his own Slave ownership stood out on that day as a vivid yet unofficial finger pressing on the scales of justiceThis author’s work is beautifully organized well written and thoroughly documented It is an important scholarly work and should be read by those deeply interested in slavery the slave trade constitutional law international law and American politics during the first uarter of the 19th century