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pdf ✓ The Chinatown War ✓ Scott Zesch

Ia gold rush Upon arrival these immigrants usually took up low wage jobs settled in the slum neighborhood of the Calle de los Negros and joined one of a number of Chinese community associations Though such associations provided job placement and other services to their members they were also involved in extortion and illicit businesses including prostitution In 1870 the largest of these the See Yup Company imploded in an acrimonious division The violent succession battle that ensued as well as the highly publicized torture of Chinese prostitute Sing Ye eventually Scott Zesch examines an often overlooked moment in American history—the Chinese Massacre of 1871—but I found his detailed description of Chinese life in Los Angeles to be the most compelling aspect of this book Only one chapter deals directly with the mass killing of Chinese immigrants while the rest of the book focuses on describing the history of LA's Old China town increasing anti Chinese sentiments and the events leading up to the massacre Zesch does a wonderful job bringing to life the previous anonymous residents of Chinatown which is no small feat considering the lack of specificity in the historical sources as well as Anglo American inability to properly record Chinese names Zesch's description of huiguan a form of mutual aid associations and the so called fighting tongs are a welcomed addition to our understanding of Chinese American society The author also persuasively demonstrates how adept Chinese migrants were at using the American legal system to their advantage This book's only weakness is the author's unwillingness to fully explore why some 500 Angelenos slaughtered 20 or Chinese Americans Such conclusions are left to future historians

doc The Chinatown War

The Chinatown WarProvided the spark for the racially motivated riot that ripped through LA Zesch vividly evokes the figures and events in the See Yup dispute deftly situates the riot within its historical and political context and illuminates the workings of the early Chinese American community in Los Angeles while simultaneously exploring issues that continue to trouble Americans todayEngaging and deeply researched The Chinatown War above all delivers a riveting story of a dominant American city and the darker side of its early days that offers powerful insights for our own tim This is another of those books that reveal events in our country's history that are relatively unknown to most Americans In particular this recounts the unnecessary murder of many Chinese people by a mob of Angelinos in 1871 At one point Los Angeles was the most murderous city in the history of the world 125 murder per 1000 The story takes the reader back to the time when conditions in China compelled young men in particular to leave their villages journey to the United States and work very hard to acuire enough money to return to China and live a very comfortable life Most of these folks ended up in California particularly in San Francisco but also some in Los Angeles which at that time was a small village with a small populationThese hard workers took on many demanding jobs especially founding laundry facilities Unfortunately there were those native citizens who resented these Chinese some for the possibility that they would take away jobs from other citizens but the majority motivated purely by racial hatredThe situation became and serious as time went along until it exploded in several hours of murder and mayhem that cost the lives of Chinese folk many if not most only guilty of being in the wrong place at the wrong time There were those citizens however who did attempt to stop the violence and some who rescued Chinese people and hid them in their homesA grand jury indicted several men for their actions on the night of the riot and the District Attorney brought charges and began trials The reader will have to read the book to find out what happened ultimately but this is a sad stain on our history added to many other sad stains that resulted from hatred of many different groups of folks who were different either in looks race or religion

Scott Zesch ✓ The Chinatown War book

Free The Chinatown War reader ↠ doc 9780199758760 è moneyexpresscard Á In October 1871 a simmering small scale turf war involving three Chinese gangs exploded into a riot that engulfed the small but growing town of Los Angeles A large mob of white Angelenos spurred by racial resentment rampaged throIn October 1871 a simmering small scale turf war involving three Chinese gangs exploded into a riot that engulfed the small but growing town of Los Angeles A large mob of white Angelenos spurred by racial resentment rampaged through the city and lynched some 18 people before order was restoredIn The Chinatown War Scott Zesch offers a compelling account of this little known event which ranks among the worst hate crimes in American history The story begins in the 1850s when the first wave of Chinese immigrants arrived in Los Angeles in the wake of the 1849 Californ The Chinatown War is an outstanding examination of a little remembered event in Los Angeles history One terrible night in 1871 racial tension boiled over in what was later labeled “the Chinese Massacre” and what the people of Los Angeles at the time called “Black Tuesday” or “the night of horrors”Scholars can't even agree on how many people were murdered that night in October 1871 Scott Zesch the author of The Chinatown War believes it was around 18 Most Angelenos do not even know what happened that night for the city's fathers decided to put the incident behind them shortly after it occurred and the victims were not people of conseuence They were ordinary immigrants whose American dream ended in a nightmare prologuePublic opinion was driven by resentment and distrust of Chinese immigrants While often portrayed as a working class complaint over jobs the hatred towards the Chinese was a thinly veiled racism against a people who were hated largely because their ways and culture were different Contrary to popular belief the earliest Chinese immigrants to America did not come to build the transcontinental railroad in the 1860s Instead it was the California Gold Rush of 1849 that brought the first large wave of Chinese to the West Coast pg 6I learned so much from this bookFor example Chinese immigrants in Los Angeles were often members of social groups called huiguan commonly called “companies” in the newspapers of the time although that translation is not exactly correct Huiguin were social groups formed to help Chinese immigrants in their new lives in America Members would sign up for the huiguan based on the location they immigrated from in ChinaAlso though it is now one of the most populous cities in the US in 1871 Los Angeles only had a population of around 6000 people Unfortunately this massacre is one of the events that brought Los Angeles to the attention of the rest of the world One of the city's early historians Charles Dwight Willard characterized Los Angeles as 'undoubtedly the toughest town of the entire nation' during the 1850s and 1860s He claimed that it had a larger percentage of miscreants than any other American city and for its size also had the highest number of fights murders and robberies pg 23Policing this rough and tumble western town wasn't easy This was compounded by the fact that the police department was too small Los Angeles's early police department was too small and was staffed by men too inexperienced or indifferent to their responsibilities to be very effective in keeping order pg 53The riot itself is difficult to read about even now that nearly 150 years have passed since that night Innocent people were dragged from their homes brutalized and murdered One eyewitness reported that the 'stark staring corpses hung ghastly in the moonlight' while 'others mutilated torn and crushed lay in our streets' pg 150Not all of the citizens of Los Angeles participated in the massacre Some tried to shame the mob into stopping or hid the terrified Chinese in their own homes to protect them Baldwin uickly realized that the crowd's sentiment was very much against him As he said later 'I might as well have spoken to a cyclone' pg 145A man named William H Gray concealed several people in his home In the years following the massacre he received anonymous gifts in thanks for his actions that nightZesch examines the whole incident from the beginning to the trials following and how it affected or didn't Los Angeles afterwards His research and scholarship really is astonishing He gives context and history not only of the city but also of the Chinese immigrant community at that timeHighly recommended for anyone who wants to learn about an event in Los Angeles history that should never be forgotten