REVIEW ´ The Pacific War Companion From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima Companion


Harbor through the release of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki the conflict in the Pacific was characterised by amazing tactical innovations in amphibious warfare and horrific battles that ra. too much of a screed against MacArthur

READ The Pacific War Companion From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima Companion

The Pacific War Companion From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima CompanionGed in the unforgiving climate of the island jungles Each chapter in this book focuses on a different aspect of this conflict from the planning of operations to the experiences of the men who were there. A collection of essays about the Pacific theater in WWII Not as engaging as Rise and Fall of the Third Reich because having many different authors leads to changes in style which are a little jarring Looking past that it was avery informative read and I learned bunches The take away message is don't start a war with another country with a larger navy and industrial base because you will eventually lose

Daniel Marston Î 1 REVIEW

REVIEW ´ The Pacific War Companion From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima Companion Þ Published to commemorate the 60th anniversary of V J Day 'The Pacific War Companion' brings together the perspectives and insights of world renowned military historians From the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor through the releasePublished to commemorate the 60th anniversary of V J Day 'The Pacific War Companion' brings together the perspectives and insights of world renowned military historians From the Japanese attack on Pearl. I found The Pacific War Companion From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima to be a fascinating look into the shifting currents of military history From my perspective as one who was born a few months before Pearl Harbor World War II was a vivid part of my childhood memories I remember long trains of flatcars making their way to Philadelphia laden with cargo such as tanks giant ship propellers and the like destined for the European Theater Gasoline and tire rationing was an everyday reality as was the expedient of retreading tires to extract miles for less rubber Men on leave in smartly dressed in uniforms were to be seen everywhere and commanded an almost reflexive respectMoreover the very distant war in the Pacific was brought very close to my heart because of my ancestry and its conseuences I am the four greats grandchild and namesake of Major Samuel Nicholas who was the first and highest ranking Continental Marine commissioned by the Continental Congress on 28 Nov 1775 with a document signed by John Handcock whose signature was the elegant prototype of my own childish imitation My aunt Florence Elizabeth Tryon sponsored the USS Nicholas DD 449 which was the first Fletcher class destroyer built along with her sister ship O'Bannon at the Bath Iron Works in Bath Main both launched in the spring of 1942The career of the Nicholas was a long and distinguished one after her sister ship the O'Bannon she received the most battle stars of any ship in the US Navy during WWII and when she was retired after than 27 years of service even participating in the recovery of Apollo astronauts she had earned the most battle stars of any ship in the history of the Navy and was its longest serving destroyer Because of their exemplary service during the battle of Guadalcanal and other actions Admiral Halsey ordered that the Nicholas and O'Bannon be present at the signing of the peace treaty in Tokyo Bay in Aug Sep 1945 The Nicholas was given the honor of transporting the Japanese peace delegation to the USS Missouri for the ceremony marking the solemn conclusion of World War IIThe Pacific War Companion was a very informative read for me who had learned of the details of WWII originally through a careful reading of nearly all the captions of pictures in Henry Luce's 'LIFE' magazine whilst designing and building an elaborate naval war game during my school years To say that these were less than entirely accurate is an understatement as many of the most critical elements of the war both in the Pacific and in Europe were tightly held secrets The most famous of these were the breaking of the Enigma codes of some of the German services by the British and the US breaking of Japanese codes both diplomatic and military In addition combatants on all sides routinely over estimated their own successes while minimizing their losses for the benefit of their respective home frontsHowever after the dual edged attack on Pear Harbor the plight of the US was clearly compromised by the attack itself and by other actions by Japan that extended its influence far to the south a drive made necessary by an endemic shortage of resources that was Japan's main weakness from the start The first six months of the Pacific War was dominated by Japan Pearl Harbor was double edged for the Japanese because although some aging battleships were sunk although most were refloated and repaired by luck or act of God the US aircraft carriers that were to prove so critical in subseuent actions were at sea Also because of a diplomatic foul up the declaration of war that was supposed to have been presented to the US before the attack was delivered instead several hours after This turned an act of war into an act of 'infamy' which inflamed and united the American people who had previously been largely isolationist And luckily for Churchill and our Western allies the Axis powers declared war on the US a couple of days later which virtually sealed their doom from that point onOne of the main revelations of the Pacific War Companion was the very ambivalent and divisive role of General Douglas MacArthur In large part MacArthur who by all accounts was not only handsome brilliant and charismatic was also deeply involved with some Republican members of congress who were enraged with the liberal and seemingly anti business policies of Franklin D Roosevelt Roosevelt described MacArthur as 'the most dangerous man in the US' During the 1944 election MacArthur through intermediaries apparently fed large amounts of money to key Republicans in congress in a bid to be nominated to run for vice president which was in violation of laws preventing those in active service from running for political officePerhaps disturbingly MacArthur's sentimental attachment to the Philippines and his conviction that Japan should be attacked from the south and from secured bases in China were both at odds with the plans of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to pursue a variation of the long standing 'Orange' plan developed during the 1930s during contingency planning which called for an island hopping campaign or less straight across the Pacific a plan which was actually followed MacArthur's seniority personality and ambition were perhaps the most serious challenge to various contending plans for achieving victory over the Japanese But he was certainly not the only enemy to the unanimity of purpose that raised it's head on both sides as both inter service rivalries on the US and sharp differences of opinion on the Japanese side between those in high command caused a certain unpredictability as to which of from two to many alternatives was to be followedRevisionist theories about Roosevelt knowing about the impending attack on Peal Harbor and doing nothing to prevent it are laid to rest Also the fanatical resistance of the Japanese based on part of their believe that since their Emperor was a god that they could not possibly lose and other factors are brought forward to justify the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki as a 'least worst' alternative that saved lives on both sides over a conventional amphibious landing—that would have dwarfed the action at Normandy—followed by a long war of attrition leading to an inevitable Japanese defeatAfter the Battle of Guadalcanal my mother and aunt together presented the original commission of Major Samuel Nicholas which had been in my family for generations to General Vandergrift USMC to honor the many Marines who carried the fighting to the Japanese in countless amphibious assaults The most famous of these was Iwo Jima the only battle in which Marines than Japanese were lost and whose victorious conclusion is memorialized by the statue of Marines in Arlington National Cemetery raising the Stars and Stripes over Mt Suribatchi to signal the US victory