Free download õ Line in the Sand 105

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Download ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free À Rachel St. John Aws ad hoc arrangements government agents and physical barriers that did not close the line but made it a flexible barrier that restricted the movement of some people goods and animals without impeding others By the 1930s their efforts had created the foundations of the modern border control apparatus Drawing on extensive research in US and Mexican archives Line in the Sand weaves together a transnational history of how an undistinguished strip of land became the significant and symbolic space of state power and national definition that we know tod. A highly readable overview of the history and development of the US Mexican border starting with the Boundary Commission shortly after the conclusion of the Mexican American war covering the Gadsden Purchase forward to the 20th century and present calls for a wall along the entire length of the border The author gives the history with nuanced insight and without an agenda The text shows that the border and how to control it has been subject to debate many times Feelings of anti immigration and tight border security have waxed and waned in response to larger social and economic conditions in the US

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Free download õ Line in the Sand 105 ↠ Line in the Sand details the dramatic transformation of the western US Mexico border from its creation at the end of the Mexican American War in 1848 to the emergence of the modern boundary line in the first decades of the twentieth century In this sweeping narrative Rachel St John explores how this bound Line in the Sand details the dramatic transformation of the western US Mexico border from its creation at the end of the Mexican American War in 1848 to the emergence of the modern boundary line in the first decades of the twentieth century In this sweeping narrative Rachel St John explores how this boundary changed from a mere line on a map to a clearly marked and heavily regulated divide between the United States and Mexico Focusing on the desert border to the west of the Rio Grande this book explains the origins of the modern border and places t. I read the first half of this and skimmed the second because the first half was interesting to me It relates to my field the northeastern CanadaUS border What were these boundaries like when they were just imaginary unpoliced lines running through desert or forest or mountains It is always fascinating to me to read about borders and the persistent idea that it is easy to draw natural borders between two countries There has always been this notion among mapmakers and peace treaty negotiators that natural borders just HAVE to exist and all one needs to do is find and trace them When really unless you are talking about an island natural borders are kind of a myth This is an academic history but it should be useful for anyone interested in the evolution of the border It is funny today to realize that for many decades the MexicoUS border was really not policed Both Mexicans and Americans could cross at will And as St John points out a number of transnational communities grew on the border because of that permeable boundary There were free trade zones along the line and businesses that employed citizens of both countries at once Then over time the line solidified First it was Chinese excluded from the US and trying to get in through Mexico that American border agents were trying to stop Then later during the Mexican Revolution and the Great Depression the border became solid for Mexicans and Americans That's when the fences started to go up You can read in this book about a time when you could just walk across the street in Nogales Mexico and go to a saloon in Arizona Then St John includes a photo of the first fence And now if you look on Google Maps there's a great big wall

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Line in the SandHe line at the center of a transnational history of expanding capitalism and state power in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Moving across local regional and national scales St John shows how government officials Native American raiders ranchers railroad builders miners investors immigrants and smugglers contributed to the rise of state power on the border and developed strategies to navigate the increasingly regulated landscape Over the border's history the US and Mexican states gradually developed an expanding array of official l. This is an unremarkable history of the US Mexico border and borderlands west of the Rio Grande from the mid 1800s to the early 1900s St John a Harvard historian when wrote the book goes long on academic jargon; you'll read a lot here about things like the border being a complicated system of relational space involving negotiated sovereignty which are unduly opaue articulations of the banal point that the governments involved can't always get what they want And that is pretty much the point of the book It's a true enough platitude although the author doesn't do much to make a case in that regard for the distinctiveness of the borderlands She also has a habit of intoning portentously about authority figures having to adjust their conceptions of sovereignty and governance without actually providing evidence that the people involved didn't know what they were getting in to Still this gives a concise overview of the surveying of the region and its major sociological and administrative events during the period under study